Myofascial Pain Dysfunction Syndrome (MPDS) or Temporomandibular joint disorders(TMD):

Myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome (MPDS),this disorder has become a common problem for majority of clients owing to the stress associated to life style, office work etc. The treatment can be done only under specialist doctor supervision which takes more time and patience after proper diagnosis.

Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) refers to a group of disorders affecting the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), masticatory muscles and the associated structures.These disorders share the symptoms of pain, limited mouth opening and joint noises.

Symptoms

The three cardinal symptoms of TMJ disorders are: facial pain, restricted jaw function and joint noise.

Pain

Located around the TMJ, but may be referred to the head, neck and ear.

Pain, located immediately in front of the tragus of the ear, projecting to the ear, temple, and cheek and along the mandible, is highly diagnostic for temporomandibular disorder along with restricted jaw motion. May affect mandibular movement in any direction. Jaw movements increase the pain.

Patients may describe a generally tight feeling, which is probably a muscular disorder, or a sensation of the jaw “catching” or “getting stuck”, which usually relates to internal derangement of the joint.

Joint noise

Clicks and other joint sounds are common, they are not significant unless there are other symptoms.

Other Symptoms

  • Ear symptoms – otalgia, tinnitus, dizziness.
  • Headache
  • Neck pain
  • “Locking” episodes – inability to open or close the mouth. Inability to open the mouth is more common

Treatment: Analgesics, splint/mouth guard, anxiolytic during bed time.

Comprehensive treatment is provided by a specially trained expert in this field after thorough and careful evaluation, diagnosis which is a definite prerequisite for addressing Myofascial pain syndrome.

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