Dental Implants/ Implantalogy is one of the fastest growing services in dentistry today. Many patients who previously suffered from missing teeth, denture soreness, decreased chewing ability or loss of facial structure are now taking advantage of dental implants to solve these problems.
Implants are usually made of a synthetic yet biocompatible material Pure Titanium or Titanium alloy. Implants are so well designed that they mimic the look and feel of natural teeth. When osseointegrated (fused with bone) the dental implant simulates the root of the tooth and provides anchorage for the crown to be replaced.
Any individual with reasonably healthy gums & adequate bone support is a candidate for dental implant treatment. Not everyone is a candidate for a dental implant however for a successful implant to take hold, a candidate must have proper bone density and have a strong immune system. In all cases, dental implants require strict oral hygiene.
Individual with uncontrolled diabetes &heart disease & who had /undergoing radiation therapy especially to head & neck, heavy smokers & alcoholics are analysed on individual basis.
Now a days with advanced technology we are replacing the teeth immediately after placing implants i.e. Immediate loading technique and with All on 4 procedures. In most instances front teeth are replaced immediately after placing implants for better esthetics and social life.
“With good skill, proper knowledge and techniques fixed teeth can be placed in case of complete loss of teeth.”
Ideally the implant is placed in a well healed region of a missing tooth or teeth i.e. 4-6 months after removal of a tooth. In few instances implant can be placed immediately after removal of tooth in an infection free site, at the same appointment. This will save the time of healing and implant integration in the bone. And it will preserve bone in a better way.
Dental Implant procedure requires proper planning and evaluation of bone condition and general health. In the initial visit the clinical & radiographical evaluation with CBCT will be advised by the dentist. COMPUTER GUIDED virtual planning is done for implant position in accordance with the bone availability and future prosthesis/ teeth and for the need of any additional procedures which can render better out come. Once decided for the treatment, needed surgical profile tests are done and after reviewing the reports the procedure can be headed on further.
Dental Implant is commonly done under local anaesthesia, similar to the anaesthesia used for tooth removal . Within less than half an hour a single implant can be placed. Based on the condition and planning Dental implant surgical procedure can be stage wise, (single or two phase). In two phased the implant is placed and left for 4-6 months for the implant to integrate with bone. At the second phase, the site is evaluated for the successful integration to carry on with final restoration steps.
In the single phased dental implant surgical procedure, the implant is placed in the pre decided infection free site and restored usually with temporary tooth /prosthesis or permanent tooth based on condition.
Because implants require surgery, patients are administered anaesthesia and, if necessary, antibiotics to avoid infection following the procedure.Like any restoration, implants require diligent oral hygiene and proper care to ensure they last a long time.
Restoring the lost tooth/teeth with a Dental Implant is a very effective treatment modality which eliminates the need of cutting the adjacent healthy tooth.
Dental implant when placed prevents the natural process of bone resorption beneath the lost tooth, rather preserves the bone and provides the needed strength to accommodate the tooth crown.
Teeth/Tooth restored by a Dental Implant can literally improve the smile in a very esthetical way, and improves functionality by facilitating the ability to eat, and articulating the speech.
This treatment choice, also, has a positive psychological impact which boosts ones confidence by eliminating the fear or worry of the teeth/dentures slipping against conventional choices of restoring the teeth.
Dental implant retained /supported prosthesis(teeth) is a strong , stable and long term solution in contrast to conventional bridges & dentures have to be replaced after few years (i.e. 7 to 9 years for bridges, 5-6 years for dentures approximately).
Once a dental implant is well integrated in the bone, we have the advantage to take its anchorage and just replace the worn out prosthesis without compromising on both esthetic and functional needs.